Yes - as long as the base word is in there.
That being said - words that are distinctly different do not count. (i.e. CLOVER, GLOVE, HEARTH, etc.)
What is "TA server time?" Is there a place on TA to see that?
Pretty sure it is UTC or GMT. Not sure where you see it though.
It is UTC. You can see it in action if you log out of TA and check anything that's time specific in the statistics.
This means I can play more Mass Effect tonight